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Common Holly

Common Holly
Photo: Fleming's Nurseries
Invasive Plant
Common Holly
Ilex aquafolium

This tree is slow growing when young but can reach a massive 20m in maturity. Glossy, darkgreen leaves are spiny and sharply toothed.

Bright-red winter berries occur only after pollination between male and female plants.



  • Birds and small mammals ingest berries and the seed is spread in their droppings.

Seedlings and maturing plants are difficult and costly to remove.

While red berried plants add interest and texture to the garden we must avoid the problem plants naturalising in bushland.

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Alternative Plants

Photo: Yarralumla Nursery
Alternative Plant Elaeagnus
Elaeagnus macrophylla
Trees and Shrubs

Thus shrub grows to a height of 3m by 3m wide. It has a moderate growth rate and will form an excellent long lived hedge. Silvery fragrant flowers appear in autumn, followed by red scaly fruit. There are excellent variegated forms available.

Fragrant Olive or Holly Osmanthus
Photo: Lorna Rose
Alternative Plant Fragrant Olive or Holly Osmanthus
Osmanthus heterophyllus
Trees and Shrubs

This large shrub is similar in looks to holly, with mid-green, finely toothed leaves and small flowers that are highly scented in the evening and round, dark blue fruit. Osmanthus will grow to 4m and will grow well in shady areas.

Sasanqua Camellias
Photo: Lorna Rose
Alternative Plant Sasanqua Camellias
Camellia sasanqua
Trees and Shrubs

These hardy camellias are available in a wide range of height and forms. Single and double blooms in light to deep pinks, white, red and many bi colours available. Choose from sun hardy or shade tolerant varieties.

It is frost and drought tolerant once established. Many different varieties are available for pots, hedging, screens, borders or as specimen plants. Seek advice at your garden centre for the best Camellias for your garden.

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